Autism

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Autism   Description Autism is classified as one of the pervasive developmental disorders of the brain. It is not a disease in the sense that it can’t be caught from someone else as infectious diseases are. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and… Read more »

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)   Description Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a problem related to brain development) that causes hyperactivity, impulsive behaviour, and attention problems. It interferes with a person’s ability to exercise age-appropriate control of their behaviour and/or their cognition.

Arteriovenous Malformation

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Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Description An AVM is a tangled mesh of abnormal blood vessels directly connecting arteries to veins in the brain. AVMs form accidentally prior to birth. An AVM can form almost anywhere in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord, but they are commonest in the main cerebral hemispheres. An AVM near or on… Read more »

Aphasia

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Aphasia Description Aphasia is a neurological disorder caused by damage to the portions of the brain that are responsible for language. For most people, these are parts of the left side (hemisphere) of the brain. Primary signs of the disorder include difficulty in expressing oneself when speaking, trouble understanding speech, and difficulty with reading and… Read more »

Aneurysm

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Aneurysm Cerebral Aneurysm, Brain Aneurysm Description Cerebral aneurysm is a common disorder caused by a weakness in the wall of a brain artery. It may be congenital, or come from pre-existing conditions like hypertension or atherosclerosis (fatty deposits in the arteries), or very rarely from head injury. Aneurysms are present in probably 2% or more… Read more »

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig’s Disease)See also Motor Neuron Disease Read more at Virtual Medical Centre Description Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a degenerative disorder of specific nerve cells of the spinal cord, brain stem and brain. It belongs to a group of disorders known as motor neuron… Read more »

Intracranial Hypertension

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Intracranial Hypertension Description Read more at Headache Australia (a division of Brain Foundation)   Further Information and Support Click here for the latest Australian research papers on Intracranial Hypertension