Blepharospasm

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Blepharospasm (Benign Essential Blepharospasm) Description Benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions and spasms of the eyelid muscles. It is not life-threatening It is a form of dystonia, a movement disorder in which sustained muscle contractions cause twitching and repetitive movements.

Behcet’s Disease

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Behcet’s Disease Read more at Virtual Medical Centre Description Behcet’s disease is a rare, chronic, lifelong disease that affects mainly young adults, with men having more severe symptoms than women do. Although the exact cause remains unclear, Behcet’s syndrome is thought to arise as a result of an autoimmune response, that is, when the body’s… Read more »

Batten Disease

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Batten Disease Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses (or NCLs) Description Batten Disease is a fatal, inherited disorder of the nervous system that begins in childhood. It is named after the British pediatrician who first described it in1903. Also known as Spielmeyer-Vogt-Sjogren-Batten Disease, it is the most common form of a group of disorders called neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses… Read more »

Autism

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Autism   Description Autism is classified as one of the pervasive developmental disorders of the brain. It is not a disease in the sense that it can’t be caught from someone else as infectious diseases are. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and… Read more »

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)   Description Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a problem related to brain development) that causes hyperactivity, impulsive behaviour, and attention problems. It interferes with a person’s ability to exercise age-appropriate control of their behaviour and/or their cognition.

Arteriovenous Malformation

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Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Description An AVM is a tangled mesh of abnormal blood vessels directly connecting arteries to veins in the brain. AVMs form accidentally prior to birth. An AVM can form almost anywhere in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord, but they are commonest in the main cerebral hemispheres. An AVM near or on… Read more »

Aphasia

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Aphasia Description Aphasia is a neurological disorder caused by damage to the portions of the brain that are responsible for language. For most people, these are parts of the left side (hemisphere) of the brain. Primary signs of the disorder include difficulty in expressing oneself when speaking, trouble understanding speech, and difficulty with reading and… Read more »