Leukodystrophy Description ‘Leukodystrophy’ and the related term ‘leukoencephalopathy’ refer to a group of more than thirty-four conditions that affect the myelin, or white matter, of the brain and spinal cord. Leukodystrophies are genetic, neurological, degenerative disorders. This means that a person’s condition is caused by a faulty gene that affects the development of myelin, leading… Read more »
Posts By: brainfoundation
Alzheimer’s Disease Description Alzheimer’s Disease is a form of dementia — a neurodegenerative disease that damages the brain’s intellectual functions (memory, orientation, calculation, etc.), but usually preserves its motor functions.
Agenesis Corpus Callosum Description Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is a rare congenital abnormality in which there is a partial or complete absence of the corpus callosum. This is the area of the brain which connects the two cerebral hemispheres.
Acquired Brain Injury (Brain Injury, Head Injury, Traumatic Brain Injury, TBI) Description Brain injury includes a complex group of medical and surgical problems that are caused by trauma to the head. Some of these problems result from a direct impact to a particular portion of the skull or brain: a skull fracture occurs when the… Read more »
Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular schwannoma, neurinoma) Read more at Virtual Medical Centre Description The eighth cranial nerve – also known as the auditory or vestibulocochlear nerve – consists of the vestibular and cochlear divisions, which runs from the inner ear to the brain. The cochlear division is responsible for transmitting information about hearing and vestibular division… Read more »